While neural networks currently run as software implementations on classic CPU or GPU architectures, Intel goes one step further with the it’s latest development and introduces a “neuromorphic” chip.
The Loihi chip has 1,024 artificial neurons or 130,000 simulated neurons with 130 million possible synaptic connections. This is roughly the same complexity as a lobster’s brain, but is far from the 80 billion neurons of a human brain. The learning process is executed directly on the chip, which is supposed to be up to 1,000 times faster than conventional processor-controlled architectures.
The development of appropriate algorithms is necessary for practical application. Therefore, the chip will initially be delivered to Universities and research Institutes at the beginning of 2018.